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Membrane Technologies

Reverse Osmosis (RO) Systems 

Semi-permeable membrane to remove minerals and dissolved solids from water


Reverse osmosis (RO) and Nanofiltration (NF) membranes are commonly used as a filtration method to remove many types of dissolved solids (large molecules and ions) from solutions by applying pressure to the solution while on one side of a selective membrane. As a result, the solute is trapped on the pressurized side of the membrane and the pure solvent is allowed to pass to the other side.


There are many methods used to remove impurities and contaminants from water. Each of the water purification technologies is best at removing one type of contaminant from the water and may not be effective at all for others.

Fact: People who draw water from private wells are responsible for making sure their water is safe for consumption.

Fact: The Environmental Protection Agency requires testing municipal water supplies for only about 80 of the more than 75,000 known contaminants.

Fact: Standards of safe drinking water are safe for a healthy 175-pound adult. These standards may not be safe for children, pregnant and nursing mothers, and adults with compromised immune systems.

Truth: Municipal water supplies are not required to test or remove many known “health-threatening” pollutants. These "secondary pollutants" cause your water to taste and smell, corrode your pipes, stain your sinks and tubs and stain your teeth or discolor your skin.

Above is a short list of commonly used water treatment technologies and the pollutants they emit.

Scope of application

Membrane separation processes work without the need for any heat  and therefore  distillation _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b- 136bad5cf58d5cf3bcf58d5cf3bbf3bbf3bb3b195cfb58d5cf3b1959cfbcf58d5cf3b1959 It uses less energy than traditional thermal separation processes such as 5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_or crystallization  . (Such energy may not be needed in small domestic processes. Because the mains water pressure  meets the required energy.) The separation process is purely physical and both fractions (  permeat -5 _cc7819) -3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_ve  retentat  ) can be used. In other words, contaminated water that cannot pass through the membrane membrane with clean water is the ultimate efficient two-way result. Cold separation using membrane technology,  food technology  ,  biotechnology _cc781904_vecdecdeb5cf58d_,  biotechnology _cc781904_vecdecdeb-cc781994_vec35931 -bb3b-136bad5cf58d_ medicine  industries commonly used._cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-bb3b-bb359cde-3194-depending on certain types of substances, or depending on the specific type of substances - 136badc58d selective separation of mixtures of substances is possible. Significant technical applications  reverse osmosis  cc781905 million-dec per year (approx. -3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_ provides drinking water production. 


Today, membrane technology is becoming more and more important in drinking and utility water.  And it is the most used area. on the other hand

it is in medical applications such as the use of artificial kidneys for the purification of toxic substances  hemodialysis  like artificial lung supply-bbbcf3b3b-136bad5cf58d_artificial lung 136bad5cf3x3b Specially designed reverse osmosis systems are used for

Membrane technology is growing in importance in the field of environmental protection (  NanoMemPro IPPC Database  ). 1905cf3b-136bad5cf3b-136bad5cf3b- 136bad5cf3b1363194bbad acquisition  techniques bile membranes, for example bile membranes, for example_cc781905cde-3194_f58d_bbc-cf581905c1365c5cf58d_membranes of fuel cells 3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_ increasingly used in osmotic power plants  cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_.

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